Which medical conditions can predispose patients to bacterial infections causing gastroenteritis?

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Jennifer Lynn Bonheur, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Preexisting medical conditions can predispose patients to infections with particular organisms. The following list outlines such medical conditions and their associated organisms:

  • C difficile - Hospitalization with antibiotic administration

  • Plesiomonas species - Liver diseases or malignancy

  • Salmonella species - Intestinal dysmotility, malnutrition, achlorhydria, hemolytic anemia (especially sickle cell disease), immunosuppression, and malaria

  • Rotavirus - Hospitalization

  • Giardia species - Agammaglobulinemia, chronic pancreatitis, achlorhydria, and cystic fibrosis

  • Cryptosporidia - Immunocompromise and immunosuppression

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