Which pathogens are associated with particular locations in the etiology of bacterial gastroenteritis?

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Jennifer Lynn Bonheur, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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The risk of contracting diarrhea while traveling is the highest in Africa. Travel to Portugal, Spain, and Eastern European countries is also associated with a relatively high risk. Organisms associated with travel to particular locations are as follows:

  • Nonspecific - Enterotoxigenic E coli and Aeromonas, Giardia, Plesiomonas, Salmonella, and Shigella species

  • Developing tropics -C perfringens

  • Africa - Entamoeba species and Vibrio cholerae

  • Americas (South and Central) - Entamoeba species and V cholerae

  • Asia - V cholerae

  • Australia, Canada, Europe -Yersinia species

  • India - Entamoeba species and V cholerae

  • Japan, North America (Atlantic coast [8] ) - V parahaemolyticus

  • Mexico - Aeromonas, Entamoeba, Plesiomonas, and Yersinia species

  • New Guinea - Clostridium species

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