What are common complications of bacterial gastroenteritis?

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Jennifer Lynn Bonheur, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Common complications that can occur with various organisms in cases of bacterial gastroenteritis are as follows:

  • Aeromonas caviae - Intussusception, gram-negative sepsis, and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)

  • Bacillus species - Fulminant liver failure (very rare) and rhabdomyolysis (very rare)

  • Campylobacter species - Bacteremia, meningitis, cholecystitis, urinary tract infection, pancreatitis, and Reiter syndrome

  • C difficile - Chronic diarrhea, toxic megacolon, and ileus

  • C perfringens serotype C - Enteritis necroticans

  • Enterohemorrhagic E coli - Hemorrhagic colitis

  • Enterohemorrhagic E coli O157:H7 - HUS

  • Listeria species - Bacteremia and meningitis

  • Plesiomonas species - Septicemia

  • Salmonella species - Enteric fever, bacteremia, meningitis, osteomyelitis, myocarditis, and Reiter syndrome

  • Shigella species - Seizures, HUS, bowel perforation, and Reiter syndrome

  • Vibrio species - Rapid dehydration

  • Yersinia enterocolitica - Appendicitis, bowel perforation, intussusception, peritonitis, toxic megacolon, cholangitis, bacteremia, and Reiter syndrome

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