What is the global prevalence of bacterial gastroenteritis?

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Jennifer Lynn Bonheur, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Worldwide, millions of children and adults are affected by diarrhea each year. In developing countries, where sanitation is suboptimal, epidemics of bacterial gastroenteritis can develop and cause significant mortality. [5, 7, 11, 12, 14]

In a retrospective Australian study (2001-2013), investigators analyzing bacterial toxin-mediated foodborne outbreaks found that Clostridium perfringens was the most common cause (76%), and that the most common settings were commercial preparation food services (48%) and elderly care facilities (39%). [15] The main contributing factor across all outbreaks was inadequate temperature control of the food.


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