What is included in medical care for bacterial gastroenteritis?

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Jennifer Lynn Bonheur, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Because most infectious diarrheas are self-limited, medical care is primarily supportive and may include the following:

  • Oral rehydration: Live Lactobacillus GG and heat-killed Lactobacillus LB reduce the duration of diarrhea in children when added to oral rehydration solution [1, 2]

  • When oral rehydration is unsuccessful, intravenous (IV) rehydration should be provided

  • Close monitoring for secondary complications

  • For some bacterial gastroenteritis infections, antimicrobial therapy is required

  • For refractory cases of Cryptosporidium infection, antimotility agents are useful

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