What causes infectious forms of chronic gastritis?

Updated: Jun 07, 2019
  • Author: Akiva J Marcus, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Chronic gastritis may be caused by either infectious or noninfectious conditions. Infectious forms of gastritis include the following:

  • Chronic gastritis caused by H pylori infection – This is the most common cause of chronic gastritis. [48]

  • Gastritis caused by Helicobacter heilmannii infection [49]

  • Granulomatous gastritis associated with gastric infections in mycobacteriosis, syphilis, histoplasmosis, mucormycosis, South American blastomycosis, anisakiasis, or anisakidosis

  • Chronic gastritis associated with parasitic infections -Strongyloides species, schistosomiasis, or Diphyllobothrium latum

  • Gastritis caused by viral (eg, CMV or herpesvirus) infection [50]


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