Which medications in the drug class Antiparasitic Agents are used in the treatment of Acute Gastritis?

Updated: Jul 12, 2020
  • Author: Sarah El-Nakeep, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Antiparasitic Agents

Nitazoxanide (Alinia)

Nitazoxanide is an antiparasitic agent. It inhibits the growth of sporozoites and oocysts of Cryptosporidium and trophozoites of Giardia, as well as interferes with pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PFOR), essential to anaerobic energy metabolism.

It is metabolized by hydrolysis and gluronidation, and excreted in the urine, bile, and feces.

Tinidazole (Tindamax)

Tinidazole is an antiprotozoal; it may cause cytotoxicity by damaging DNA and preventing further DNA synthesis.

This drug undergoes oxidation, hydroxylation, and conjugation, and is excreted mainly in the urine and feces.

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