What is involved in outpatient monitoring of patients with esophageal spasm?

Updated: Aug 07, 2019
  • Author: Ahmad Malas, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Patients need close follow-up care upon the initiation of therapy or with a change in therapy. Patients should be monitored for improvements in symptoms and for adverse effects of the medications.

Patients in whom medical management fails should be referred to a thoracic surgeon for possible operative intervention.

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