What are the possible complications of achalasia?

Updated: Dec 29, 2017
  • Author: Eric A Gaumnitz, MD; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Achalasia and squamous cell carcinoma

With achalasia, the risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus is higher than that of the general population. However, no studies to date have shown convincing evidence that surveillance is worthwhile.

The pathogenesis is not well documented, but chronic mucosal irritation is incriminated.

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