What is the role of esophageal peristalsis in esophageal motility disorders?

Updated: Dec 29, 2017
  • Author: Eric A Gaumnitz, MD; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Answer

The coordination of these simultaneously contracting muscle layers produces the motility pattern known as peristalsis. Peristalsis is a sequential, coordinated contraction wave that travels the entire length of the esophagus, propelling intraluminal contents distally to the stomach. The LES relaxes during swallows and stays opened until the peristaltic wave travels through the LES, then contracts and redevelops resting basal tone. Low peristaltic amplitudes normally occur at the transition zone between the striated and smooth muscle portions; however, the peristalsis is uninterrupted.


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