What is the anatomy of the body of the esophagus relevant to esophageal motility disorders?

Updated: Dec 29, 2017
  • Author: Eric A Gaumnitz, MD; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Answer

The body of the esophagus is similarly composed of 2 muscle types. The proximal esophagus is predominantly striated muscle, while the distal esophagus and the remainder of the GI tract contain smooth muscle. The mid esophagus contains a graded transition of striated and smooth muscle types. The muscle is oriented in 2 perpendicular opposing layers: an inner circular layer and an outer longitudinal layer, known collectively as the muscularis propria. The longitudinal muscle is responsible for shortening the esophagus, while the circular muscle forms lumen-occluding ring contractions.


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