Which medications in the drug class Antiviral Agents are used in the treatment of Esophagitis?

Updated: May 02, 2019
  • Author: Deepika Devuni, MBBS; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Antiviral Agents

Antiviral agents are used to treat herpes simplex virus (HSV) or cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections. In addition to the drugs listed below, famciclovir (Famvir), a prodrug of the antiviral agent penciclovir, which is not currently recommended for treatment, may replace acyclovir in prophylaxis and treatment.

Acyclovir (Zovirax)

Acyclovir is a synthetic purine nucleoside analog that stops replication of viral DNA. It is used to treat HSV esophagitis.

Foscarnet (Foscavir)

Foscarnet is an organic analog of inorganic pyrophosphate that inhibits the replication of HSV and CMV. It is used to treat acyclovir-resistant cases.

Ganciclovir (Cytovene)

Ganciclovir is an acyclic nucleoside analog that inhibits the replication of herpes viruses. It is active against CMV and HSV.

Famciclovir (Famvir)

Famciclovir undergoes biotransformation to active penciclovir. Penciclovir has inhibitory activity against varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2. It may be used for herpes and VZV esophagitis.


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