What is the role of medications in the treatment of esophagitis?

Updated: May 02, 2019
  • Author: Deepika Devuni, MBBS; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Medications used to treat esophagitis vary depending on the etiology. Treatment goals for reflux esophagitis include pain relief, decreased acid production, decreased acid reflux, and protection of the esophageal mucosa. Multiple pharmacologic agents are available, including histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs), proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), gastroprokinetic agents, and protective agents. [63]

Therapy for infectious esophagitis is directed at the underlying condition, with the goal of minimizing symptoms and preventing complications. The choice of the therapeutic agent depends on the severity of infection and the degree of host defense impairment.


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