Which lifestyle changes are used in the treatment of esophagus?

Updated: May 28, 2020
  • Author: Deepika Devuni, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Lifestyle changes recommended to reduce the frequency and amount of gastric contents that may reflux back into the esophagus include the following:

  • Elevate the head of the bed with 6-inch blocks (sleeping on extra pillows is discouraged because this actually may increase reflux by increasing intra-abdominal pressure caused by the patient bending at the waist)
  • Avoid lying down for several hours after meals.
  • Reduce meal size
  • Lose weight
  • Quit smoking
  • Avoid alcohol and caffeine
  • Avoid citrus, spicy or fatty foods, and chocolate
  • Avoid aggravating medications such as aspirin and other over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

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