Which nutritional supplements are beneficial for patients with Crohn disease?

Updated: Jul 26, 2019
  • Author: Leyla J Ghazi, MD; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Patients with Crohn disease require a balanced diet. Fiber supplementation is said to be beneficial for patients with colonic disease, in that dietary fiber can be converted to short-chain fatty acids, which provide fuel for colonic mucosal healing; a low-roughage diet is usually indicated for patients with obstructive symptoms.

Because patients with Crohn disease of the small intestine are often lactose-intolerant, avoidance of dairy products may be indicated. However, calcium supplementation may be required. Osteoporosis is a common nutritional complication, resulting not only from decreased calcium absorption in those with active small bowel disease but also from the release of cytokines from inflammatory cells, which stimulate osteoclast activity and lead to increased bone breakdown. Corticosteroid use is another risk factor for osteoporosis. [122, 123, 124]

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