Which serologic tests are useful in differentiating ulcerative colitis from Crohn disease?

Updated: Jul 26, 2019
  • Author: Leyla J Ghazi, MD; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Answer

There are 2 serologic tests that are currently used in efforts to differentiate ulcerative colitis from Crohn disease. Antibodies to the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ie, anti-S cerevisiae antibodies [ASCA]) are found more commonly in Crohn disease than in ulcerative colitis, whereas perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (p-ANCA), a myeloperoxidase antigen, is found more commonly in ulcerative colitis than in Crohn disease.


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