What are the risk factors for thromboembolism in Crohn disease?

Updated: Jul 26, 2019
  • Author: Leyla J Ghazi, MD; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Answer

Compared with control subjects, patients with IBD have a 3-fold higher risk of thromboembolism. These patients have frequent exposure to classic thrombosis risk factors, including immobility, surgery, steroid therapy, and the presence of central venous catheters. Other factors that may play a role include smoking, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, and hyperhomocystinemia.


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