What are the characteristics of Crohn disease?

Updated: Jul 26, 2019
  • Author: Leyla J Ghazi, MD; Chief Editor: Praveen K Roy, MD, AGAF  more...
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Answer

The characteristic presentation is abdominal pain and diarrhea, which may be complicated by intestinal fistulization or obstruction. Unpredictable flares and remissions characterize the long-term course. [1, 2, 3] In addition, individuals can experience rectal bleeding, fever, weight loss, malnutrition, bone loss, and vitamin deficiencies. Psychosocial issues (eg, depression, anxiety, and coping difficulty) are common. Pediatric patients may also experience psychological issues regarding quality of life and body image. [4, 5] (See Presentation.)


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