Which conditions increase the risk for celiac disease (sprue)?

Updated: Nov 29, 2019
  • Author: Stephan U Goebel, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, Down syndrome, or Turner syndrome have an increased incidence of celiac disease. The mean prevalence ratio for coexisting type 1 diabetes and celiac disease is an estimated 8%, although this is likely an underestimation owing to subclinical or asymptomatic celiac disease. [27]

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