What are the types of refractory celiac disease?

Updated: Oct 10, 2018
  • Author: Stephan U Goebel, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
  • Print

Refractory celiac disease is subdivided into two types: Type 1 is characterized by a normal intraepithelial lymphocyte phenotype, and type 2 is characterized with an increased number of intraepithelial lymphocytes, possibly due to an increase in epithelial interleukin 15 expression.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!