What is the role of apoptosis in the pathophysiology of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in sepsis?

Updated: Jan 27, 2020
  • Author: Ali H Al-Khafaji, MD, MPH, FACP, FCCP, FCCM; Chief Editor: Michael R Pinsky, MD, CM, Dr(HC), FCCP, FAPS, MCCM  more...
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Answer

Apoptosis (programmed cell death) is the principal mechanism by which dysfunctional cells are normally eliminated. The proinflammatory cytokines may delay apoptosis in activated macrophages and neutrophils, but other tissues (eg, gut epithelium), may undergo accelerated apoptosis. Therefore, derangement of apoptosis plays a critical role in the tissue injury of sepsis.


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