When is surgery indicated in the treatment of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS)?

Updated: May 07, 2018
  • Author: Lewis J Kaplan, MD, FACS, FCCM, FCCP; Chief Editor: Michael R Pinsky, MD, CM, Dr(HC), FCCP, FAPS, MCCM  more...
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The details of surgical management are site specific and are beyond the scope of this article. In general, however, abscesses or drainable foci of infection should be drained expeditiously to increase the efficacy of antibiotic therapy and to allow for adequate culture data. Patients with acute surgical issues (eg, ruptured appendix, cholecystitis) that cause SIRS should be treated with appropriate surgical measures. Prosthetic devices should be removed in a timely manner, when clinically feasible.

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