What are risk factors for snakebite?

Updated: Apr 09, 2021
  • Author: Spencer Greene, MD, MS, FACEP, FACMT, FAAEM; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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Previous studies suggest that most people get envenomated because they are intentionally interacting with the snake. [15] Data from the North American Snakebite Registry (NASBR), which is administered by the American College of Medical Toxicology, Toxicology Investigator’s Consortium (ToxIC), demonstrated that only 19% of bites between 2013 and 2015 were the result of intentional interaction. [16] Males accounted for 91% of these victims, and 100% of bites that resulted from intentional interaction involved the upper extremity.

There is no doubt that antagonizing a venomous snake increases an individual's likelihood of being envenomated, but most bites affected victims who were unaware of the snake's presence prior to being bitten.

However, many bites can be prevented if people would avoid intentionally interacting with venomous snakes whenever possible.

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