When is a Gram stain indicated in the workup of sepsis/septic shock?

Updated: Oct 07, 2020
  • Author: Andre Kalil, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael R Pinsky, MD, CM, Dr(HC), FCCP, FAPS, MCCM  more...
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Answer

The Gram stain is the only immediately available test that can document the presence of bacterial infection and guide the choice of initial antibiotic therapy. Secretions or tissue for Gram stain and culture from the sites of potential infection (eg, cerebrospinal fluid [CSF], wounds, respiratory secretions, or other body fluids) may be are obtained as they are identified, preferably before administering antibiotic therapy. [11, 60]


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