What is the role of peripheral arterial vascular tone in the pathophysiology of sepsis/septic shock?

Updated: Oct 07, 2020
  • Author: Andre Kalil, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael R Pinsky, MD, CM, Dr(HC), FCCP, FAPS, MCCM  more...
  • Print
Answer

Diminished peripheral arterial vascular tone may cause blood pressure to be dependent on cardiac output, so that vasodilation results in hypotension and shock if insufficiently compensated by a rise in cardiac output. Early in septic shock, the rise in cardiac output is often limited by hypovolemia and a fall in preload because of low cardiac filling pressures. When intravascular volume is augmented, the cardiac output usually is elevated (hyperdynamic phase of sepsis and shock).


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!