Which medications in the drug class Toxoids are used in the treatment of Scorpion Envenomation?

Updated: Nov 09, 2018
  • Author: David Cheng, MD; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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Answer

Toxoids

Wounds resulting from scorpion sting are at risk of Clostridium tetani infection. A booster injection in previously immunized individuals is recommended to prevent this potentially lethal syndrome. Administer tetanus immune globulin (Hyper-Tet) to patients not immunized against C tetani products (eg, persons who have immigrated, elderly individuals).

Diphtheria-tetanus toxoid (dT)

Diphtheria-tetanus toxoid is used to induce active immunity against tetanus in selected patients. Tetanus and diphtheria toxoids are the immunizing agents of choice for most adults and children older than 7 years. Booster doses are necessary to maintain tetanus immunity throughout life because tetanus spores are ubiquitous.

In children and adults, administer it into the deltoid or midlateral thigh muscles. In infants, the preferred site of administration is the mid thigh laterally


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