Which medications are used in the treatment of respiratory failure?

Updated: Apr 07, 2020
  • Author: Ata Murat Kaynar, MD; Chief Editor: Michael R Pinsky, MD, CM, Dr(HC), FCCP, FAPS, MCCM  more...
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Answer

Pharmacotherapy for cardiogenic pulmonary edema and acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is discussed here. The goals of therapy in cardiogenic pulmonary edema are to achieve a pulmonary capillary wedge pressure of 15-18 mm Hg and a cardiac index greater than 2.2 L/min/m2 while maintaining adequate blood pressure and organ perfusion. These goals may have to be modified for some patients. Diuretics, nitrates, analgesics, and inotropes are used in the treatment of acute pulmonary edema.


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