According to ERS/ATS guidelines when is bilevel noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) an alternative treatment for acute respiratory failure?

Updated: Apr 07, 2020
  • Author: Ata Murat Kaynar, MD; Chief Editor: Michael R Pinsky, MD, CM, Dr(HC), FCCP, FAPS, MCCM  more...
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Bilevel NIV also may be used as the only method for providing ventilatory support in patients who are not candidates for or decline invasive mechanical ventilation. [18]

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