What is the initial treatment of organophosphate (OP) toxicity?

Updated: Sep 22, 2018
  • Author: Kenneth D Katz, MD, FAAEM, ABMT; Chief Editor: Sage W Wiener, MD  more...
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Answer

Airway control and adequate oxygenation are paramount in organophosphate (OP) poisonings. Intubation may be necessary in cases of respiratory distress due to laryngospasm, bronchospasm, bronchorrhea, or seizures. Immediate aggressive use of atropine may eliminate the need for intubation. Succinylcholine should be avoided because it is degraded by plasma cholinesterase and may result in prolonged paralysis. In addition to atropine, pralidoxime (2-PAM) and benzodiazepines (eg, diazepam) are mainstays of medical therapy (see Medication).


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