How is heat stroke prevented?

Updated: Nov 06, 2018
  • Author: Robert S Helman, MD; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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Answer

Heat stroke is a preventable illness, and education is the single most important tool for its prevention.

Recognition of host risk factors and modification of behavior (eg, limiting alcohol and drug intake, avoiding use of medications and drugs that interfere with heat dissipation) and physical activity also can prevent heat stroke.

Cooling during exercise offers a similar benefit to exercise performance in hot environments as does the application of precooling, and both methods improve exercise performance with and without physiological alterations. [14, 15] A study performed in 2015 is the first to show that cooling of the neck region during exercise can improve repeated sprint performance in hot environments without altering hormonal or physiological responses, in particular to repeated sprinting or a soccer-specific intermittent treadmill protocol. [16]


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