Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnosis of hypertensive encephalopathy?

Updated: Dec 10, 2018
  • Author: Irawan Susanto, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Hypertensive encephalopathy is a diagnosis of exclusion, and other potentially life-threatening causes must be considered in the assessment of a patient with neurologic deficits. In addition to the conditions listed in the differential diagnosis, other problems to be considered include the following:

  • Acute central nervous system (CNS) event

  • Acute thrombotic stroke

  • Cerebral embolus

  • CNS mass lesion

  • Encephalitis

  • Intracranial hemorrhage

  • Renal failure

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