Which tests may be helpful in the evaluation of metabolic syndrome with symptoms of possible complications?

Updated: Oct 17, 2019
  • Author: Stanley S Wang, JD, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Yasmine S Ali, MD, FACC, FACP, MSCI  more...
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Answer

Complaints of chest pain, dyspnea, or claudication (symptoms of possible complications) may warrant additional studies, including the following:

  • Electrocardiography (rest/stress ECG)

  • Ultrasonography (vascular, or rest/stress echocardiography)

  • Stress single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) or cardiac positron emission tomography (PET)

Investigation into other causes of or exacerbating factors in metabolic syndrome should be considered. For example, sleep-related breathing disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea, are becoming increasingly relevant and novel risk factors for metabolic syndrome. [2]

See Workup for more detail.


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