What are the acute surgical complications of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD)?

Updated: Oct 11, 2019
  • Author: Daniel M Beyerbach, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Jeffrey N Rottman, MD  more...
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Acute surgical complications include the following:

  • Pain

  • Bleeding

  • Pneumothorax

  • Hemothorax

  • Cardiac perforation with or without pericardial effusion and tamponade (sometimes requiring urgent drainage)

  • Pulseless electrical activity following intraoperative defibrillation threshold testing

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