What are the risk factors for ventricular fibrillation (VF) in Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome?

Updated: Jan 08, 2017
  • Author: Christopher R Ellis, MD, FACC, FHRS; Chief Editor: Mikhael F El-Chami, MD  more...
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Certain factors increase the likelihood of VF, including rapidly conducting APs and multiple pathways. [22] Cases have also been reported in association with esophageal studies, digoxin, and verapamil. A few reports document spontaneous VF in WPW syndrome, and SVT may degenerate into AF, thus leading to VF [23] ; however, both scenarios are rare in pediatric patients.

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