How is a patient positioned for laparoscopic cholecystectomy?

Updated: Apr 16, 2020
  • Author: Danny A Sherwinter, MD; Chief Editor: Kurt E Roberts, MD  more...
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For this procedure, the patient should be in the supine position. Peripheral intravenous lines are inserted, and electrocardiography, pulse oximetry, and blood pressure monitors are placed. The patient is intubated and general anesthesia initiated.

The patient’s arms are abducted or tucked comfortably at the sides. The two laparoscopic towers are situated on either side of the patient’s trunk, toward the head. The surgeon stands on the patient’s left, and the assistant stands on the right. An additional assistant, if present, can hold the laparoscope, but this is not essential.

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