What is included in patient education for long QT syndrome (LQTS)?

Updated: Nov 29, 2017
  • Author: Ali A Sovari, MD, FACP, FACC; Chief Editor: Mikhael F El-Chami, MD  more...
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Answer

Educate patients regarding the nature of long QT syndrome (LQTS) and factors that trigger cardiac events. Patients should avoid sudden noises (eg, from an alarm clock), strenuous exercise, water activities, and other arousal factors.

Educate patients and family members about the critical importance of systematic treatment with beta-blockers. Advise family members and the patient's teachers at school to undergo training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

Educate patients and family members about medications that may induce QT prolongation and that should be avoided in patients with LQTS. The Arizona Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics (AZCERT) provides lists of drugs that prolong the QT interval and/or induce torsade de pointes ventricular arrhythmia.

The Sudden Arrhythmia Death Syndromes Foundation (SADS) has support groups for families with LQTS.


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