Which respiratory findings suggest pericardial effusion?

Updated: Nov 28, 2018
  • Author: William J Strimel, DO, FACP; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Respiratory findings can include the following:

  • Tachypnea

  • Decreased breath sounds - Secondary to pleural effusions [10]

  • Ewart sign - Dullness to percussion beneath the angle of left scapula from compression of the left lung by pericardial fluid

Hepatosplenomegaly represents a GI symptom of pericardial effusion. Findings in the patient’s extremities can include weakened peripheral pulses, edema, and cyanosis.

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