Which medications are used in the treatment of pericardial effusion?

Updated: Nov 28, 2018
  • Author: William J Strimel, DO, FACP; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Pharmacotherapy for pericardial effusion includes use of the following agents, depending on the etiology:

  • NSAIDs (eg, indomethacin, ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, ketoprofen, aspirin)

  • Corticosteroids (eg, prednisone, methylprednisolone, prednisolone)

  • Anti-inflammatory agents (eg, colchicine)

  • Antibiotics (eg, vancomycin, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, ethambutol)

  • Antineoplastic therapy (eg, systemic chemotherapy, radiation)

  • Sclerosing agents (eg, tetracycline, doxycycline, cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil)

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