Which imaging studies are performed in the workup of pericardial effusion?

Updated: Nov 28, 2018
  • Author: William J Strimel, DO, FACP; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Answer

Echocardiography is the imaging modality of choice for the diagnosis of pericardial effusion and includes the following techniques:

  • 2-D echocardiography

  • M-mode echocardiography: Adjunct to 2-D echocardiography

  • Doppler echocardiography

  • Transesophageal echocardiography

  • Intracardiac echocardiography

Other radiologic studies used in the evaluation of pericardial effusion include the following:

  • Chest radiography

  • Chest CT Scanning and MRI: May be superior to echocardiography in detecting loculated pericardial effusions


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