Which medications in the drug class Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used in the treatment of Acute Pericarditis?

Updated: Apr 02, 2019
  • Author: Sean Spangler, MD; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Answer

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Because pericarditis is primarily due to inflammation, anti-inflammatory medications are considered the drugs of choice. These agents are effective for chest discomfort and underlying inflammation. However, although nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may offer symptomatic relief, they are ineffective in uremic pericarditis absence of dialysis.

Indomethacin (Indocin)

Indomethacin is the classic treatment used in pericarditis and is often considered the first choice. This drug is rapidly absorbed, and it is metabolized in the liver by demethylation, deacetylation, and glucuronide conjugation. Although, indomethacin ameliorates fever, it does not accelerate resolution of effusion.

Ketorolac

Ketorolac is used for the relief of mild to moderate pain and inflammation. This agent inhibits prostaglandin synthesis by decreasing the activity of the enzyme cyclooxygenase, which results in decreased formation of prostaglandin precursors.

Small dosages are initially indicated in small and elderly patients and in those with renal or liver disease. Small studies have documented rapid relief of symptoms with 1-2 doses of ketorolac. Doses of more than 75 mg do not increase therapeutic effects; therefore, administer high doses with caution, and closely observe patient response.

Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil)

Ibuprofen is usually the drug of choice for mild to moderate pain, if no contraindications exist. This drug inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain, probably by decreasing the activity of the enzyme cyclooxygenase, which results in decreased prostaglandin synthesis.

Ketoprofen

Ketoprofen is used to relieve mild to moderate pain and inflammation. Small dosages are initially indicated in small and elderly patients and in those with renal or liver disease. Doses of more than 75 mg do not increase therapeutic effects; therefore, administer high doses with caution, and closely observe patient response.

Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)

Naproxen is indicated for the relief of mild to moderate pain. This agent acts by inhibiting inflammatory reactions and pain via decreasing the activity of cyclooxygenase, which results in a decrease of prostaglandin synthesis.


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