What is the role of serum electrolyte levels in the diagnosis of acute pericarditis?

Updated: Apr 02, 2019
  • Author: Sean Spangler, MD; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Answer

Determine serum electrolyte (ie, sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium, calcium, phosphate) concentrations because of the increased risk of cardiac arrhythmias in patients with pericarditis. In addition, during dialysis, frequent monitoring of electrolytes is helpful to detect and treat hypokalemia and hypophosphatemia, especially in patients with dialysis-associated pericarditis.


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