What is the role of pericardial effusions in the etiology of pericarditis?

Updated: Apr 02, 2019
  • Author: Sean Spangler, MD; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Answer

Asymptomatic pericardial effusions can occur in 36-62% of patients with uremia who require dialysis; these effusions are often small to moderate in size and can occur secondary to volume overload. Pericardial effusions can lead to significant hemodynamic complications during routine dialysis. Moreover, the presence of a large pericardial effusion that persists for longer than 10 days after intensive dialysis has a high likelihood of causing tamponade.


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