What is the incidence of left ventricular mural thrombus in the setting of acute anterior myocardial infarction (MI, heart attack), and what are the associated risks and treatment?

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: A Maziar Zafari, MD, PhD, FACC, FAHA; Chief Editor: Eric H Yang, MD  more...
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Answer

Left ventricular mural thrombus Is a well-known complication of acute anterior MI and frequently develops after left anterior wall infarction. The incidence of left ventricular mural thrombus as a complication of acute MI ranges from 20% to 40% but may reach 60% in patients with large, anterior-wall acute MIs who are not treated with anticoagulant therapy.

Left ventricular mural thrombus is associated with high risk of systemic embolization. Anticoagulant therapy may substantially decrease the rate of embolic events by 33% compared with no anticoagulation.


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