Where do ventricular ruptures occur, and which interventions are essential to survival?

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: A Maziar Zafari, MD, PhD, FACC, FAHA; Chief Editor: Eric H Yang, MD  more...
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Ventricular rupture occurs in the interventricular septum or the left ventricular free wall. Rupture in either location is a catastrophic event, with a greater than 90% mortality. Prompt recognition, stabilization, and surgical repair are crucial for patient survival. An echocardiogram can usually define the abnormality, and a right heart catheterization can show an oxygen saturation step-up in the case of a septal rupture.

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