What is a left ventricular aneurysm, and what are the risk factors for these aneurysms after acute myocardial infarction (MI, heart attack)?

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: A Maziar Zafari, MD, PhD, FACC, FAHA; Chief Editor: Eric H Yang, MD  more...
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Answer

Left ventricular aneurysm is defined as a localized area of myocardium with abnormal outward bulging and deformation during systole and diastole. The rate of left ventricular aneurysm formation after acute MI is approximately 3-15%. Risk factors for these aneurysms after acute MI include the following:

  • Female sex

  • Total occlusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery

  • Single-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD)

  • Absence of previous angina pectoris

Clinically, ventricular aneurysms may be recognized late, with symptoms and signs of heart failure, recurrent ventricular arrhythmias, or recurrent embolization.


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