What are the key points of managing non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (unstable angina and NSTEMI), and what are the alternative management strategies?

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: A Maziar Zafari, MD, PhD, FACC, FAHA; Chief Editor: Eric H Yang, MD  more...
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Answer

Key points in the management of patients with non–ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) (unstable angina and non-STE myocardial infarction [NSTEMI]) is early evaluation and assessment of hemodynamic and electrical stability, estimatation of the overall risk in these patients, and guidance of therapy.

There are two alternative management strategies, either an early invasive strategy with angiography, with intent for revascularization with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), or a conservative strategy with initial medical therapy and noninvasive cardiovascular imaging. Regardless of the strategy, both entail aggressive utility of medications such as anticoagulants, antiplatelet agents, beta blockers, statins, and possible use of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors for appropriate patient populations.


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