What is the role of evolocumab (Repatha) in the prevention of prevention of strokes, myocardial infarction (MI), and coronary revascularization?

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: A Maziar Zafari, MD, PhD, FACC, FAHA; Chief Editor: Eric H Yang, MD  more...
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Answer

Over the last decade, inhibition of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has emerged as a promising target to reduce residual cardiovascular disease risk. PCSK9 is a protein that binds to low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors (LDLR) to promote their degradation. Monoclonal antibodies inhibit PCSK9 and thus prevent LDLR degradation. This action will increase the number of LDLRs and subsequently increase the clearance of LDL, ultimately lowering LDL-C levels. 

In December 2017, the FDA approved the first PCSK9 inhibitor, evolocumab (Repatha), for the prevention of strokes, heart attacks, and coronary revascularizations. [64] The approval was based on data from the evolocumab cardiovascular outcomes study (FOURIER). In the FOURIER clinical trial, evolocumab demonstrated significant benefits for 27,564 patients with established cardiovascular disease. The study revealed that when used in addition to optimized statin therapy, evolocumab reduced the risk of heart attack by 27%, the risk of stroke by 21%, and the risk of coronary revascularization by 22%. In addition, evolocumab showed a statistically significant 15% reduction in the risk of the primary composite endpoint, which included hospitalization for unstable angina, coronary revascularization, heart attack, stroke, or cardiovascular death. [65]


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