Which GI symptoms are associated with myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction (MI, heart attack)?

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: A Maziar Zafari, MD, PhD, FACC, FAHA; Chief Editor: Eric H Yang, MD  more...
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Epigastric or chest symptoms from myocardial ischemia may incorrectly be attributed to a gastrointestinal (GI) source. Often, this occurs despite the presence of dyspnea or diaphoresis, symptoms that are difficult to attribute to the GI system. Additionally, patients with myocardial ischemia may report relief or improvement with GI remedies (eg, antacids).

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