What are the complications of mitral stenosis (MS)?

Updated: Feb 02, 2018
  • Author: Claudia Dima, MD, FACC; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Answer

Complications of mitral stenosis include the following:

  • Atrial fibrillation

  • Systemic embolism due to left atrial thrombus formation mostly secondary to atrial fibrillation: 20% of patients with mitral stenosis and systemic embolism are in sinus rhythm.

  • Infective endocarditis: Estimated risk of endocarditis in a patient with mitral stenosis is 0.17 per 1000 patient-years.

  • Pulmonary hypertension

  • Pulmonary edema

  • Complications of balloon valvotomy

  • Complications of mitral valve replacement


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