What is the role of hormone therapy in the treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Updated: Apr 09, 2021
  • Author: Sandy N Shah, DO, MBA, FACC, FACP, FACOI; Chief Editor: Yasmine S Ali, MD, MSCI, FACC, FACP  more...
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Hormone therapy has been found to be more risky than beneficial as a means of protecting postmenopausal women against CAD. [19] The Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study follow-up (HERS-II), completed in 2002, reported that after 6.8 years, hormone therapy did not reduce risk of cardiovascular events. [80]

Similarly, in a study by the Women’s Health Initiative, overall health risks exceeded benefits from the use of combined estrogen and progestin therapy as a means of primary prevention of CAD in healthy, postmenopausal women. Participants in the trial were randomized into hormone therapy (n = 8506) or placebo (n = 8102) groups. The average follow-up period was 5.2 years. All-cause mortality in the study was unaffected by the combination therapy. [81]

Because of overall increased risk, combined estrogen and progestin therapy should not be initiated or continued for primary prevention of CAD. [82]

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